In the name of the Holy Trinity. Although the decrees of bishops and the words of priests are fixed in tight bonds like the foundations of mountains, nevertheless (by) the frequent storms and disturbances in lay affairs even the religion of God's holy Church is spoiled and broken by the marks of evil. Therefore, foreseeing the uncertain state of times to come, we have decreed that it will be of advantage to our successors after us that those things which are decided by common agreement in healthy discussion be confirmed and corroborated in connected wording. On that account I, Eadred, king of the English and governor and ruler of the other (nations) living in the neighbourhood, have deigned to grant to a certain very faithful and beloved comes of mine, named Eadric, being pleased with his devotion, loyalty, and obedience, twice ten measures, which are called in English 20 hides, in that place to which the inhabitants of that district have applied the name of Washington. In such a manner have I granted and conceded the aforesaid endowment, that he may have it and hold it securely with all the utilities which God in heaven has created in the very soil of the earth, both in known things and in unknown, in small and in large, fields, pastures, woods, thickets of wood, I give and will give liberty; and after he has left the frailty of the human race, and by the favour of heavenly judgement, come to the longed-for road to joy, he may, as I have notes above, leave it in perpetuity to whatever successor he pleases. Let the aforesaid land be free of all taxation and void of secular services, except raising of troops and building of bridges and forts. And I order in the name of Almighty God, that while we live, and also those who are numbered under the name of Christendom and the faith of God's knowledge, nobody may presume to bring this franchise to nought. If anyone with benevolent intentions increases my grant in this world, may he have a happy time in the joy of eternal life. But if anyone with rashness presumes to make violent incursions upon it, let him know that without doubt he will pay the penalty in fear and trembling before the tribunal of the last judgement, unless previously he makes amends with suitable recompense…. [bounds] This aforesaid gift was made in the year of out Lord Jesus Christ's Incarnation 947, of the indiction 5. I, Eadred, king of the English, have given the aforesaid grant my irrevocable agreement and confirmation with the seal of the holy cross.